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PROBLEMS OF DETECTION AND SUPPRESSION OF CRIMES RELATED TO ILLEGAL CASHING
Sizov Vladimir Alexandrovith, Candidate of sociological sciences, associate professor, sub-department of justice, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia); head of the Economic Security and Corruption Counteraction Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia in Penza region (52 Zlobina street, Penza, Russia), firstname.lastname@example.org
Background. Illegal cashing and withdrawal of funds into the shadow sector, in-cluding abroad, are among the most dangerous challenges and threats to financial security of the Russian Federation. The main problem of law enforcement in this ar-ea is the imperfection of the legislation. The Russian Federation’s Criminal Code does not contain special rules aimed at combating illegal cashing and funds transit. There is no comprehensive understanding of the processes of illegal cashing and money transit, as well as the unity of their qualification approaches in the theory of criminal law. Quite ambiguous is also an approach to qualifying the acts of estab-lishment of phony companies. In the edition of the Federal Law from 03.30.2015 № 67-FZ, part 1, article 173.1 competes with the disposition of part 1 article 170.1. Under these circumstances, law enforcement agencies face a need to search for alternative approaches to criminal and legal assessment of the relevant criminal phenomena, resulting in legal practice in criminal cases of this category being rather contradictory.
illegal cashing, cash transit, сriminal legal assessment of criminal phenomena, phony companies, credit unions, вank operations, judicial and investigative practice.
1. Lyaskalo A. N. Rossiyskiy sledovatel' [The Russian investigator]. 2014, no. 17, pp. 23–28.
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